Tuesday, 20 December 2011

HISTORY OF AIDS




This timeline features some of the most important developments in the history of AIDS. Much more detailed information can be found in our AIDS history section. 
http://www.avert.org/aids-history07.htm

 

Before 1970s 

HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) probably transfers to humans in Africa between 1884 and 1924.

HIV probably enters Haiti around 1966.

 

1970s 

HIV probably enters the United States around  



1970. 

African doctors see a rise in opportunistic infections and wasting.

Western scientists and doctors remain ignorant of the growing epidemic.

 

1981 

AIDS is detected in California and New York.

The first cases are among gay men, then injecting drug users.

 

1982
 

AIDS is reported among haemophiliacs and Haitians in the USA.

AIDS is reported in several European countries.

The name “AIDS” – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome – is created.

Community organisations in the UK and USA promote safer sex among gay men.

 

1983

AIDS is reported among non-drug using women and children.

Experts become more confident that the cause of AIDS is infectious.

Three thousand AIDS cases have been reported in the USA; one thousand have died.

 

1984

Scientists identify HIV (initially called HTLV-III or LAV) as the cause of AIDS.

Western scientists become aware that AIDS is widespread in parts of

Africa.The world's first needle exchange program is set up in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

 

1985

An HIV test is licensed for screening blood supplies.

AIDS is found in China, and has therefore been seen in all regions of the world.

 

1986

More than 38,000 cases of AIDS have been reported from 85 countries.

Uganda begins promoting sexual behaviour change in response to AIDS.

 

1987

AZT is the first drug approved for treating AIDS.

The UK and other countries act to raise awareness of AIDS.

 

1988

The American government conducts a national AIDS education campaign.

Health ministers meet to discuss AIDS and establish a World AIDS Day.

 

1990

Around 8 million people are living with HIV worldwide, according to estimates made later.

 

1991

Thailand launches Asia’s most extensive HIV prevention programme.

 

1993

AZT is shown to be of no benefit to those in the early stages of HIV infection.

 

1994

AZT is shown to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

Infant HIV infections begin to fall in developed countries, due to use of AZT.

 

1995

The Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS (UNAIDS) is established.

 

1996

Combination antiretroviral treatment is shown to be highly effective against HIV.

In developed countries, many people begin taking the new treatment.

Annual global spending on AIDS in low- and middle-income countries is $300 million.

 

1997

AIDS deaths begin to decline in developed countries, due to the new drugs.

Brazil is the first developing country to begin providing free combination treatment.

In other developing countries, only a tiny minority can access treatment for HIV.

Around 22 million people are living with HIV worldwide, according to estimates made later.

 

2000

President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa voices support for AIDS dissidents.

 

2001 

At a UN Special Session, world leaders set long-term targets on HIV/AIDS.

 

2002

The Global Fund is established to boost the response to AIDS, TB and malaria.

Botswana begins Africa’s first national AIDS treatment programme.

 

2003

AIDS drugs become more affordable for developing countries.

The “3 by 5” campaign is launched to widen access to AIDS treatment.

The first HIV vaccine candidate to undergo a major trial is found to be ineffective.

 

2004

America launches a major initiative called PEPFAR to combat AIDS worldwide.

After much hesitancy, South Africa begins to provide free antiretroviral treatment.

 

2006

Circumcision is shown to reduce HIV infection among heterosexual men.

28% of people in developing countries who need treatment for HIV are receiving it.

Annual global spending on AIDS in low- and middle-income countries is $8.9 billion.

It is estimated that $14.9 billion would be needed for a truly effective response.

 

2007

Around 33 million people are living with HIV, according to revised estimates.

Another major HIV vaccine trial is halted after preliminary results show no benefit.

 

2008

A controversial Swiss study claims people adhering to ARVs have a "negligibly small" risk of transmitting HIV through unprotected sex.

PEPFAR is reauthorised, committing $48 billion for the next five years.

Michel Sidibé is named as new head of UNAIDS as Peter Piot steps down.

 

2009

President Obama announces the removal of the travel ban that prevents HIV-positive people from entering the US.

4 million people in developing and transitional countries are receiving treatment for HIV; 9.5 million are still in immediate need of treatment.

 

2010

The United States, South Korea, China and Namibia lift their travel bans for people living with HIV.

The CAPRISA 004 microbicide trial is hailed a success after results show the gel reduced the risk of HIV infection by 40%.

Results from the iPrEx trial show a reduction in HIV acquisition among men who have sex with men taking PrEP.

 

 

 

 

 

SUMBER - http://www.avert.org/aids-history07.htm

 

 

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